Effat Idriss, president of Operation Big Blue, which aims to clean and preserve coastal and marine zones, said there are better methods to test sea pollution. [7] In April 2014, it was estimated that around a quarter of Lebanon's population was Syrian refugees. “We have 14 wastewater treatment plants but none of them is operating because the garbage is being used for reclaiming land and making profit… The source of Lebanon’s pollution and environmental problems is the corruption of the ruling class more than anything else,” she said. The activities of BGR (Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Hanover, Germany) are focusing on two objectives: Soil pollution usually originates from the development of industry, intensive agriculture associated with modern systems of cultivation like use of high analysis chemical fertilizers, use of pesticides, use of sewage, sludge, city composts and other industrial wastes etc. Paul Abi Rached, founder of TERRE Liban and president of the Lebanon Eco Movement, said the study was incomplete because it did not include the polluted areas, especially near dumpsites, which produce leachate, a toxin liquid from decomposed waste that is 100% more dangerous than the sewers. “For instance, heavy metals and chemicals in the water can only be tested from the sediments at the sea bottom,” she said. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. Nowadays, with the staggering increase in the number of cars and the massive development of the construction that destroys the green spaces, Lebanon is one of the most polluted places in the world. This number does not include the mass number of Syrian refugees that have fled to Lebanon from Syria to avoid the Syrian Civil War, or tourists. “Not the whole sea in Lebanon is polluted. It is a very complicated matter that needs a thorough analysis. On hand of investigations of soil pollution in the Damascus depression (Ghouta) and part of the Bekaa plain in Lebanon models for the assessment of soil contamination and degradation are developed. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) will be responsible for paying about 200 million dollars and the rest will be paid by the Government of Lebanon and the Beirut Mount Lebanon Water Establishment. Soil pollution is defined as the presence of poisonous chemicals in the soil. Lebanon is a beautiful country, located at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland. “The government should allocate a special budget for regular scanning of the seawater. Since soil pollution is often accompanied by a decrease in the availability of nutrients, plant life ceases to thrive in such soils. The aim of the Greater Beirut Water Supply Project (GBWSP) is to provide water from the Litani River as well as the Awali River, for those who live in the region of Greater Beirut. The sea is suffering and unless it is protected from the sources of pollution, we will inevitably reach a disastrous situation,” Hamze said as he revealed the results of the latest sea-water monitoring study by the National Centre for Marine Studies. Illegal dumping is the major reason for soil pollution which affects the quality of the soil and the health of people living on it. As part of this project, we created an illustrated manual in Arabic to teach refugees how to start their own productive micr-gardens in small spaces and achieve a form of food sufficiency. Carbon Dioxide emissions increase air pollution. Pollution in Lebanon became a major issue in the last decade. [4] In order to escape civil unrest in Syria, massive numbers of people fled to Lebanon. The soil of Earth is no different. [9]It was approved on December 16, 2010, by the World Bank's board of directors. It has increased in Lebanon due to the deforestation and incorrect road construction. Soil and water conservation services are core functions of the Lebanon County Conservation District. Building the soil geographical database. Conservation plans should be updated to reflect changes in manage… Industry being a voracious consumer of natural resources brought in pollution of air, water and soil environment. The intensive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural practices, especially during the dry season, has led to nitrate leaching into the soil and contamination of the groundwater system with high concentrations detected in … Several popular beaches, especially in Beirut and Tripoli, are unsafe for swimming. The cost of this whole project is 370 million dollars. This is due to lack of storage capacity, to increasing demand, and to climate change. Today, in order to get clean water, many residents rely on private water for drinkable water. Reports about the pollution of Lebanon’s sea create a backlash on the tourism sector, said Jean Beiruti, president of the syndicate of seaside resort operators. Lebanon is a beautiful country, located at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland. Pollutants damage the quality of air, water, and land. One of the major environmental issues in Lebanon is water supply.The country has greater water resources than many other Middle Eastern countries; however, it is at increasing risk of shortages, particularly during the dry summers.This is due to lack of storage capacity, to increasing demand, and to climate change.Large-scale projects to improve water supply are funded by the … All rights reserved. The study, which examined the harmful streptococci and coliforms bacteria, said several popular beaches, especially in Beirut and Tripoli, were unsafe for swimming. This publication provides the situation in 2006 of the environment in Lebanon. Environmentalists Warn Of Mediterranean Pollution From Lebanon Land Reclamation : Parallels A land reclamation project that uses vast amounts of garbage extends hundreds of feet into the sea. Chemical used in agriculture work, litter […] © 2015-2020 The Arab Weekly. [5] While agriculture has been suffering the most from the drought, Lebanese households are also expected to go through further water rationing as the dry season arrives.[6]. [3], Recently, not only has rainfall severely declined in Lebanon, but the rising climate has also been affecting the amount of water available. [11] Over the past four years, the Litani River Basin Management Support program has been building the Litani River Authority's technical capacity in order to monitor water quality and quantity, manage irrigation systems, plan for natural risks, and engage residents in responsible water use. Thus, soil pollution can have several negative effects on human health. In addition, many oil and gas operations are augmented via injection of hydraulic fracturing (HF) fluids into the formation. The main sources of bacterial pollution in Lebanon are organic waste and sewage and the sources of chemical pollution are factories and power plants adjacent to the coast or near rivers into which industrial waste is dumped and much of which ends up in the sea. One of the major contaminants of water sources in Lebanon is untreated sewage. Author of the new soil map of Lebanon 1:50.000 scale. Thousands of industrial waste and pollutants are released into the sea every year, carrying with them large amounts of chemicals that directly harm marine life. Many of these so-called xenobiotic (from Greek xenos, “stranger,” and bios, “life”) chemicals have been found to be carcinogens or may accumulate in the environment with toxic effects on ecosystems (see the table of major soil … Lebanon has 40 rivers of which 17 are considered perennial ().The total combined annual river flow is estimated at around 3,900 million cubic metres (MCM), with most of the flow (75%) occurring from January to May. Title: SOER 2001 Author: Frank Montes Subject: Soil and Land Created Date: 05 10 2002 11:11 State of the art on soil studies in Lebanon . Air Quality information used to be available publically and freely, once a day from the erml.moe.gov.lb.Unfortunately, there's currently no … [11], See Marine environmental issues in Lebanon. Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These harmful materials are called pollutants. Reuters.com brings you the latest news from around the world, covering breaking news in markets, business, politics, entertainment, technology, video and pictures. [3] Not only do several large rivers surround Lebanon, but Lebanon also has the highest annual rainfall in the region, averaging 827mm. We cannot have a study every three years, especially after the garbage crisis. From north to south, the width of its terrain becomes narrower. It leads to many consequ… The situation is very critical but it is not hopeless,” said CNRS Secretary-General Mouin Hamze. The activities of BGR (Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Hanover, Germany) are focusing on two objectives: “In the last 20 years, the Lebanese government spent more than $1.5 billion in loans to put in place a water sanitation system,” economist and social activist Jad Chaaban told Al-Monitor. “These areas were left out because it is common knowledge that they are highly polluted,” Hamze said. The main function of the ITPS is to provide scientific and technical advice and guidance on global soil issues to the Global Soil Partnership primarily and to specific requests submitted by global or regional institutions. In order to prevent this threat in the future, there are many projects being put in place to help Lebanon with their environmental problems. There are areas that are still acceptable within the minimum level and easy to remedy but this does not mean there are no areas in a hopeless state. [4] As a result of climate change, temperatures have been rising, which means more water lost to evapotranspiration. In areas where the soil has been disturbed, and in flower beds and vegetable gardens, collect 6-inch-deep samples. Seagulls search for food near a sewage discharge area next to piles of plastic bottles washed away by the water on the seaside of Ouzai in southern Beirut, on July 19. From north to south, the width of its terrain becomes narrower. [12] It was put in place to provide an increase in irrigated land, generate electricity, and develop recreational pieces of land. Conservation plans are designed free of charge to comply with the Commonwealth’s Erosion Control Law, Chapter 102. Soil quality is absent from the implemented criteria for land capability and suitability. The ITPS is composed of 27 top soil experts representing all the regions of the world. [3] Also, much of Lebanon's drinking water flows out into the Mediterranean Sea. During oil and natural gas production, so-called “produced water” comprises the largest byproduct stream. [10] This project will also help many people in Lebanon save money. “We demand the formation of an environmentalist government where the main criteria for ministers should be environment-friendly.”. Lebanon is a small country in the Middle East, located at approximately 34˚N, 35˚E.It stretches along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and its length is almost three times its width. If a soil auger or corer is not available, use a shovel to dig a 6-inch-deep hole such that one side exposes a smooth vertical area of soil. The comments were refuted as “fake news” and “unjustified exaggeration” by the National Council for Scientific Research (CNRS) and its affiliated National Centre for Marine Sciences. Among this sewage were also industrial effluents. [12] Some solutions they came up with to reverse negative trends and establish sustainable water management practices are infrastructure development, control withdrawals and releases, prevent abuses such as industrial wastewater discharges and groundwater over-extraction, better water governance, and raising awareness. “Today, we are at a crossroads. Lebanon Environment - current issues. 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